KNEE

NORMAL ANATOMY OF THE KNEE JOINT

The knee is made up of four bones. The femur or thighbone is the bone connecting the hip to the knee. The tibia or shinbone connects the knee to the ankle. The patella (kneecap) is the small bone in front of the knee and rides on the knee joint as the knee bends. The fibula is a shorter and thinner bone running parallel to the tibia on its outside. The joint acts like a hinge but with some rotation.

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MENISCUS TEAR

Meniscus tear is the commonest knee injury in athletes, especially those involved in contact sports. A suddenly bend or twist in your knee cause the meniscus to tear. This is a traumatic meniscus tear. Elderly people are more prone to degenerative meniscal tears as the cartilage wears out and weakens with age. The two wedge-shape cartilage pieces present between the thighbone and the shinbone are called meniscus. They stabilize the knee joint and act as “shock absorbers”.

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ACL TEAR

The anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL, is one of the major ligaments of the knee that is located in the middle of the knee and runs from the femur (thigh bone) to the tibia (shin bone). It prevents the tibia from sliding out in front of the femur. Together with posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) it provides rotational stability to the knee.

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KNEE ARTHRITIS

Arthritis is a general term covering numerous conditions where the joint surface or cartilage wears out. The joint surface is covered by a smooth articular surface that allows pain free movement in the joint. This surface can wear out for a number of reasons; often the definite cause is not known.

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PATELLAR INSTABILITY

The knee can be divided into three compartments: patellofemoral, medial and lateral compartment. The patellofemoral compartment is the compartment in the front of the knee between the knee cap and thigh bone.

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ARTHROSCOPY OF THE KNEE JOINT

Knee Arthroscopy is a common surgical procedure performed using an arthroscope, a viewing instrument, to look into the knee joint to diagnose or treat a knee problem. It is a relatively safe procedure and a majority of the patient’s discharge from the hospital on the same day of surgery.

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OUR TEAM

Dr. Christopher Butcher

DR. CHRISTOPHER BUTCHER
Consultant Orthopaedic and Knee Surgeon

Dr Raul Barrios - Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon

Dr. Raul Barrios Martinez
Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon

shreya physiotherapist

SHREYA SINGH

Physiotherapist, Musculoskeletal Specialist
Neda Ali Physiotherapist

NEDA MOHAMMAD ALI

Physiotherapist, Musculoskeletal Specialist
rathish physiotherapist

RATHISH MANICKAM

Musculoskeletal Physiotherapist and Specialist in Manual Therapy
Lubnah Darawsheh

LUBNAH DARAWSHEH

Physiotherapist
Ahmed Elhamedy

AHMED ALHAMEDY

Physiotherapist , Musculoskeletal Specialist and Sports Rehabilitation


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